High-quality early interventions are the smartest community investments.

May 19, 2015 / Data, National Data / 0 Comments /


High quality early interventions lower the impacts of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and show a return on investment of 6:1.

Key strategies include:

  • Parent education and coaching
  • Home visitation
  • Quality early childhood care and education
  • Pre-kindergarten

Total economic lifetime benefits include:

  • Increased lifetime net earnings
  • Increased tax revenue
  • Reduced health care and mortality costs
  • Public system savings

These are conservative estimates that primarily focus on the quantifiable ECONOMIC return on investment and don’t take into account the opportunity and psychological costs of remedial education, toxic stress, etc.

Source: Diaz, Jose Y. “Prospective Return on Investment of the Northside Achievement Zone.”Amherst H. Wilder Foundation (2015): 12-14. 15 Feb. 2015. Web.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Resilience

March 17, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

Since the ACE study (1995-97), a joint project between the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Kaiser Permanente in San Diego, research has shown that childhood trauma damages a child’s brain, impairing its development and function. These adverse childhood experiences are major risk factors for the leading causes of illness and death, as well as poor quality of life.
The ACE Study looked at ten different kinds of childhood trauma, in three different categories:

  1. Abuse: Emotional, Physical, Sexual
  2. Neglect: Emotional, Physical
  3. Household Dysfunction: Mother Treated Violently, Household Substance Abuse, Household Mental Illness, Parental Separation, Divorce, Incarcerated Household Member

The more ACEs scored, the higher the chances for social and health problems, both short- and long-term.

As a result of the findings of this study, individuals and organizations, including schools, medical practices, and hospitals, as well as entire communities have been putting ACE/Trauma-informed practices in place. They have realized that the nation’s worst health and social problems may benefit from understanding that these problems could well be consequences of ACEs. Their efforts are geared to building resilience to counteract ACEs and strengthen families.


Download Brief (PDF, 04/2014)