In 1980, Sandra Bloom, M.D. and colleagues developed a trauma-informed program for adults called Sanctuary. The Sanctuary Model is a blueprint for organizational change that promotes safety, healing, and recovery from chronic stress and adversity by creating a trauma-informed community. Exposure to trauma, adversity, and chronic stress are universal experiences affecting individuals, families, organizations, and entire systems and can be dangerous to our physical, psychological, and social well-being.
Understanding that trauma is prevalent is the basis of the Sanctuary Model. Not only on the people who seek treatment, but also on the people and organizations who provide that treatment. Over time organizations may become traumatized themselves, actually creating more stress and adversity, rather than less.