Long-acting reversible contraceptives reduce teen pregnancy and teen parenthood.

March 16, 2015 / National Data / 0 Comments /


Books from Birth participation in Shelby County is linked to stronger reading performance in second grade.

May 23, 2014 / Local Data / 0 Comments /
Prior findings: Kindergarten entry

Children who participated in the Books from Birth program prior to kindergarten entry had statistically higher kindergarten readiness scores in language and mathematics than children not enrolled in the program.

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Follow-up: Second grade

Our analysis indicates that students who had participated in the Books from Birth program prior to kindergarten entry had higher scores in reading development in second grade, compared to students who had not participated.

BfB children are more likely to be in the strongest tier and least likely to be in the weakest tier of readers in 2nd grade.

Significant differences in vocabulary and reading comprehension

The two subtests most fundamentally linked to early reading experiences are the two that showed significant differences between BfB participants and non-participants, namely vocabulary and reading comprehension.

The BfB advantage remains after we control for other factors associated with reading development

These findings are not a result of group differences in socioeconomic status or gender.

Read more in our full brief.

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Download Research Brief (PDF, 2014-01)

Contributing Authors: Marie Sell, Doug Imig, Shahin Samiei
A Partnership between The Urban Child Institute and Shelby County Schools


Social Impact Bonds – An Introduction

May 15, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) are an innovative funding model that uses private sector capital to solve pressing social problems. SIBs have a double bottom-line: they offer investors the opportunity to make a significant social impact alongside a financial return.

SIBs are also known as “pay for success” bonds. Investors are repaid if the initiative succeeds. SIBs are entirely based upon performance, so their rates of return vary.

Interventions supported by SIBs, such as pre-kindergarten, are carefully chosen based on the evidence-base, and are carefully monitored. Data is collected across the life of the SIB, allowing for an accurate and rigorous evaluation.

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Download Brief (PDF, 05/2014)


Delta Health Alliance continues to provide a greatly needed service to families in the Indianola community through the Leflore Parents as Teachers Program.

May 5, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

In 2013, the Delta Health Alliance Parents as Teachers (PAT) program assisted 91 Leflore County families in great need. This program sends a trained parent educator to each participating family’s home each month to offer support and assistance to new mothers and their infants and young children. In the past year, parent educators completed 1,112 personal visits.

Here are some highlights of PAT program gains over the past year:
  • More healthy birthweight babies and improved birth outcomes.
  • Improved rates of childhood immunization.
  • Healthy development of young children, supporting the health and well-being of the mothers of those children. Over 83% of child participants in the PAT program are developmentally on target across all five domains of development – communication skills, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, problem solving skills, and personal social skills.
  • Much needed social support provided to new and expectant mothers to support their coping skills, their care-giving skills, and their long-term strategizing skills.
In the Delta, PAT returns $3.80 for every dollar invested.
Meanwhile, we also identified several key domains where additional programmatic efforts are needed.


Download Report (PDF, 04-2014)

An Evaluation by Memphis Data Partners.


The Wraparound process

March 17, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

Of the most common team-based planning models (Child Welfare: Family Group Decision Making; Juvenile Justice: Restorative Justice Teams; Developmental Disabilities: Person Centered Planning; Education: Positive Behavioral Support Teams; Spirit and Healing Circles; and Integrated Systems: Wraparound), the Wraparound process is the most developed and the most researched. It shows that children and youth can be served within their communities, in their family homes, and in a manner that respects the dignity and importance of the family.

The Wraparound process is
  • A way to improve the lives of children and youth with complex needs and their families so that they can live in their homes and communities and realize their hopes and dreams.
  • Not a treatment, type of service, or a program.
  • Characterized by a plan that is developed by a family-centered team, individualized based on the strengths and culture of the child and their family, and is needs rather than services driven.

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Download Brief (PDF, 2014-04)


Interventions for students at the greatest risk for academic failure.

March 17, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /
Includes:
  • Finishing High School: Alternative Pathways and Dropout Recovery
  • 15 Effective Strategies for Dropout Prevention
  • Preventing Future High School Dropouts
  • Dropout Prevention Practice Guide
  • Mentoring At-risk Youth: Improving Academic Achievement in Middle School Students
  • The Impact of Mentoring on Academic Achievement of At-risk Youth

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Download Brief (PDF, 04/2014)


Shelby County Schools offers alternative schools to achieve more positive outcomes for higher-risk children.

February 25, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

Shelby County Schools has adopted public health’s multi-tiered model of intervention for achieving more positive outcomes for higher-risk children.
• Primary prevention is designed to keep problems from emerging.
• Secondary prevention is designed to stop and reverse the slide toward negative outcomes.
• Meanwhile, tertiary prevention approaches are focused on young people who need the most serious and immediate intervention.

The most vulnerable students in Shelby County are concentrated within alternative schools.

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Download Brief 04/2014 (PDF)


Literacy in Memphis and Shelby County: Some groups of low-income students are doing much better than others.

February 25, 2014 / Briefs 2014 / 0 Comments /

Literacy is context specific.
Literacy is necessary for college and career readiness and success.
Many Shelby County Schools (SCS) students are not college ready in reading.
Low-income youth are less likely to be proficient in reading.
Some groups of low-income students are doing much better than others.
Young adults’ literacy levels reflect early learning, school environments, and family and community factors.
Stronger, individual-level measures of literacy level need to be part of any literacy intervention.

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Download Brief 03/2014 (PDF)

Continue Reading →


Pre-K makes a difference

January 8, 2014 / Local Data / 0 Comments /
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All test scores improve after one year for Pre-K.
Children with multiple family risk factors show the greatest improvement in scores after one year of Pre-K.

Source: Shahin Samiei, M. Sell & D. Imig. 2012. “Analysis of Pre-Kindergarten PPV-T scores by Family Risk Factors.”